Personal Data Protection Compliance in Link Management

Overview of GDPR and ePrivacy regulation and consent management

The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and ePrivacy regulation are legal frameworks designed to protect the personal data of individuals in the European Union (EU) and the European Economic Area (EEA). GDPR, which came into effect on May 25, 2018, sets comprehensive guidelines for the collection, processing, and storage of personal data. It impacts businesses that operate within or offer goods and services to individuals in the EU/EEA or monitor their behavior.
ePrivacy is a more specific regulation that complements GDPR by focusing on the protection of privacy and confidentiality in electronic communications. It regulates various aspects of electronic communication, including the use of cookies, consent for direct marketing, and the security of electronic communication networks.
Both GDPR (Article 4(11) and Article 7) and ePrivacy (Recital 32) emphasize the importance of obtaining valid consent from users before processing any of their personal data. Consent must be freely given, specific, informed, and unambiguous, and it must involve a clear affirmative action by the user. This requirement extends to link management platforms, as they often collect and process user data when a user clicks on a link.

Problem statement

The issue of compliance with data protection regulations, such as the GDPR and ePrivacy, arises when link management platforms process user data without obtaining proper consent. This violation typically occurs when users click on links shared across various platforms, such as websites, social media, messaging apps, and other online channels. When a user clicks on a shortened link, the link management platform may collect and process a range of personal data in the background without the user's awareness or consent.
Information that can be typically collected includes:
  • IP address
  • Geolocation data
  • Device type and model
  • Browser type and version
  • Operating system
  • Language preferences
  • Referring website or app
  • Timestamps of clicks
  • User behavior and interactions on the destination website
As users navigate through the internet, they often unknowingly encounter shortened links generated by link management platforms. When they click on these links, they are immediately redirected to the intended destination without being presented with any options, policies, or disclosure statements. This lack of transparency and choice prevents users from making informed decisions about their personal data, which is a clear violation of GDPR and ePrivacy regulations.
Moreover, the absence of an option to opt out of data collection or review privacy policies directly contravenes the principles of data protection by design and by default, as outlined in the GDPR. This violation is particularly concerning given the vast number of users affected daily and the growing reliance on link management platforms for various online activities, such as marketing, content sharing, and analytics.
By failing to provide users with a clear and transparent mechanism for managing their personal data, link management platforms expose themselves to potential legal and financial repercussions while undermining user trust and privacy.
In the current digital landscape, there is a significant lack of awareness surrounding the massive violation of data protection regulations perpetrated by link management platforms. Regulators have yet to focus their attention on this pervasive issue, creating a false sense of security for companies utilizing these platforms. However, it is only a matter of time before this violation gains the attention it deserves, and the first precedent of punishment is set for non-compliant link management services.
The global trend in data protection is unmistakably moving towards tighter regulations, with the primary objective of safeguarding consumer privacy and fostering a safer, more transparent online environment. As society continues to evolve and depend more on digital interactions, the importance of data protection and user privacy is increasingly being recognized by governments, organizations, and individuals alike.
As regulatory bodies become more vigilant in their efforts to ensure compliance with data protection laws, organizations that fail to address these violations will face mounting legal and financial risks. Once the first precedent is established, it will serve as a catalyst for more stringent enforcement, prompting companies to reassess their data management practices and adopt solutions that prioritize user privacy.
In conclusion, the growing emphasis on data protection and the inevitable spotlight on link management platforms' compliance violations necessitate proactive measures by companies to ensure transparency, consent, and privacy. Failing to do so will not only expose businesses to legal repercussions but also risk damaging their reputation and the trust of their users.

Possible consequences for noncompliance

Noncompliance with GDPR and ePrivacy regulations can result in severe consequences for businesses. Under GDPR, organizations found to be non-compliant may face fines of up to ˆ20 million or 4% of their annual global turnover, whichever is higher. Similarly, ePrivacy violations can incur fines up to ˆ10 million or 2% of annual global turnover.
These fines demonstrate the seriousness with which regulators view data protection violations. Moreover, non-compliance can also lead to reputational damage, loss of customer trust, and potential litigation.
In the United States, the California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA) and other state-level privacy laws impose similar penalties for non-compliance. These regulations emphasize the global trend towards stricter data protection standards and the need for businesses to adapt their practices accordingly.

Affected businesses

The issue of non-compliance with data protection regulations primarily affects the businesses that create and manage shortened or tracking links, as these companies are responsible for collecting user data without proper consent. These link management platforms stand behind the links and facilitate the gathering of user information for commercial purposes, often selling the collected data to third parties.
These platforms cater to a diverse range of clients and industries, enabling them to create and manage links while collecting user data. Some of the industries that rely on these link management platforms include:
  1. Marketing and advertising agencies
  2. E-commerce businesses
  3. Social media platforms and influencers
  4. Content creators and publishers
  5. Mobile app developers
  6. Online service providers
  7. Travel and hospitality industry
  8. Financial institutions and fintech companies
  9. Healthcare organizations
  10. Educational institutions
While the companies that use these non-compliant link management platforms might not be directly responsible for collecting user data without consent, they may still face indirect repercussions, such as damage to their reputation, loss of consumer trust, and potential legal issues if they continue to rely on these platforms. As awareness of this issue grows and regulators begin to crack down on these violations, it is essential for both the link management platforms and the businesses that utilize their services to prioritize user privacy and adhere to data protection regulations. By adopting compliant solutions and practices, these companies can protect themselves from potential legal issues while fostering trust among their user base.


To address the compliance issues faced by link management platforms, the patented solution developed by WowLink offers a transparent and user-friendly approach. When implemented by a link management platform, this solution ensures that user consent is obtained before collecting any personal data.
Here's how the solution works:
  1. When a user clicks on a short or tracking link, instead of being immediately redirected to the destination page, an interstitial page is displayed.
  2. The interstitial page contains a disclosure statement, informing the user that the link will redirect them to a third-party website, and the redirection process is technically managed by the URL shortener company.
  3. The privacy and cookie policies of the URL shortener company are provided on the interstitial page, along with links to access these policies.
  4. The disclosure statement explicitly mentions the personal data that the URL management platform (or the URL shortener service) may collect during the redirection process.
  5. The user is presented with two options: accept the policies and provide their consent for further data collection or reject the policies (opt-out) and choose to be redirected without any data being recorded.
  6. Once the user has made their choice, they are redirected to the destination page accordingly.
By implementing this solution, link management platforms can ensure that they comply with data protection regulations while providing users with a transparent and straightforward choice. Users are given the option to provide their consent for data collection or opt-out, ensuring that their personal information is protected and used only with their permission. This approach not only helps the link management platforms to adhere to the data protection laws but also builds trust among users and improves the overall user experience.
Example of potential technology implementation: Before being redirected to the target web page, users are first presented with an interstitial page containing links to the Privacy Policy and Terms & Conditions of the URL shortening service ( This page provides users with the option to either accept the terms and grant consent for data collection during the subsequent redirection or to proceed without consenting to data collection.


The growing emphasis on data privacy and the strict regulations governing personal data protection make compliance essential for link management platforms. The patented solution by Wowlink Pte. Ltd. addresses this challenge by incorporating an interstitial page that provides users with control over their data and ensures that consent is obtained before any data processing takes place.
By adopting this solution, companies in various industries can minimize their risk of non-compliance, protect their reputations, and maintain the trust of their users. The Wowlink solution demonstrates the importance of innovation in addressing the challenges posed by modern data protection regulations and highlights the need for businesses to adapt their practices to stay ahead in a constantly evolving digital landscape.
For inquiries regarding the acquisition of a license to utilize this cutting-edge GDPR-compliant link technology, please do not hesitate to contact us at [email protected]. We are committed to assisting you in achieving data protection compliance while harnessing the power of this innovative technology.